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 Understanding Contractions in the English Language

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عدد المساهمات : 30
تاريخ التسجيل : 22/08/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: Understanding Contractions in the English Language   الجمعة 18 سبتمبر - 10:03

May the peace and mercy of Allah be upon you

The definition of contraction is to shorten, shrink or decrease in size. A contraction in the English language is a word made by shortening two words into one. One or more letters are dropped to combine two words into one word. In writing, an apostrophe ( ' ) takes the place of the missing letters. Contractions are used frequently in speaking and writing English.


Standard Contractions in English

aren't = are not

can't = cannot (can + not)

couldn't = could not

didn't = did not

doesn't = does not

don't = do not

hadn't = had not

hasn't = has not

haven't = have not

he'd = he had; he would

he'll = he will; he shall

he's = he is; he has

I'd = I had; I would

I'll = I will; I shall

I'm = I am (very common)

I've = I have

isn't = is not

it's = it is

let's = let us

mightn't = might not (not frequently used)

mustn't = must not

shan't = shall not (rarely used)

she'd = she had; she would

she'll = she will; she shall

she's = she is; she has

shouldn't = should not

that's = that is; that has

there's = there is; there has

they'd = they had; they would

they'll = they will; they shall

they're = they are

they've = they have

we'd = we had; we would

we're = we are

we've = we have

weren't = were not

what'll = what will; what shall

what're = what are (not frequently used)

what's = what is; what has

what've = what have

where's = where is; where has

who'd = who had; who would

who'll = who will; who shall

who're = who are (not frequently used)

who's = who is; who has

who've = who have

won't = will not

wouldn't = would not

you'd = you had; you would

you'll = you will; you shall

you're = you are

you've = you have


Note: the word "shall" (in the contractions he'll, they'll, we'll etc) is considered very formal and it's not commonly used in everday speaking and writing. The word "will" is typical to say and write, not shall.
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Understanding Contractions in the English Language
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